Further restricting blood transfusions guidelines could save lives and money

October 14, 2019

NEW ORLEANS—Blood transfusion guidelines may require further evaluation with an eye to reducing transfusions for patients with stable blood pressure, according to Divyajot Sadana, MD, from the Cleveland Clinic, who will present the study findings at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 in New Orleans.

The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations has identified blood transfusions as an overused procedure, and the American Association of Blood Banks advises limiting transfusion to patients who are risk of shock, cardiovascular failure, circulatory collapse and decreased blood flow or have a hemoglobin value of less than 7 g/dL.

The researchers evaluated the necessity and outcome of transfusions by reviewing charts of the 888 patients who accounted for the 1,009 admissions to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) and required at least one blood transfusion from January 2015 to December 2015.

Although the Cleveland Clinic MICU closely adheres to blood conservation, a proportion of patients with stable blood pressures who received blood transfusions might have benefited from closer scrutiny. The researchers found that 13% of transfusions were prescribed in deference to transfusion guidelines and could have been potentially avoided.

“We identified a specific group of patients for whom blood transfusion can be safely avoided,” explained Dr. Sadana. “Closer inspection, greater scrutiny and a vigorous investment in a restrictive transfusion practice could have significant implications on both financial and patient outcomes.”

Michelle Cao, MD, member of the American College of Chest Physicians Scientific Presentations and Awards Committee and Clinical Associate Professor at Stanford University, California, commented on the study: “Clinical practice guidelines are developed after an extensive review of the evidence in order to optimize clinical care and to standardize medical care. This study, although a retrospective outlook, shines light into the transfusion practices of intensive care providers in a typical tertiary hospital. Beyond the investigators’ findings, it is worth taking a deeper dive into the rationale or conditions that contributed to medical professionals not adhering to recommended practice guidelines. Their decision-making has prognostic implications on morbidity, mortality and economic burden.”

Further results from this study will be shared at CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 in New Orleans on Tuesday, Oct. 22, 10:45 a.m. to 11:00 a.m., at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, Room 290.

ABOUT CHEST 2019

CHEST 2019 is the 85th annual meeting for the American College of Chest Physicians held Oct. 19 to Oct. 23, 2019, in New Orleans. The American College of Chest Physicians, publisher of the journal CHEST®, is the global leader in advancing best patient outcomes through innovative chest medicine education, clinical research and team-based care. Its mission is to champion the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of chest diseases through education, communication and research. It serves as an essential connection to clinical knowledge and resources for its 19,000 members from around the world who provide patient care in pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine. For more information about CHEST 2019, visit chestmeeting.chestnet.org, or follow CHEST meeting hashtag, #CHEST2019, on social media.

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