CHESTPress ReleasesWorld TB Day 2023

On World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, international lung health organizations advise ‘we must find and treat everyone with TB, to end TB'

Glenview, IL – In support of World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 24 March, the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), of which the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) is a founding member, is determined to break the chain of TB transmission.

In 2021, 1.2 million children fell ill with TB globally. On World TB Day, FIRS members are focusing on child TB, as children with TB are most likely to have been recently infected by an undiagnosed and untreated adult with infectious TB in their household or community. This is not right.

The key to breaking the chain of transmission and ending TB is to find and treat everyone in the community with TB. This simple approach will not only benefit those people who are found and treated but also protects others from ever being infected with TB.

Despite TB being curable, progress is moving slowly. Over the last decade, TB deaths fell by only 2% per year. Deaths increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, as experts, equipment and money were diverted elsewhere. TB is expected to kill more people in low- and middle-income countries in 2023 than COVID-19.

There remains a large global gap between the estimated number of people who fell ill with TB and the number of people newly diagnosed, with 4.2 million people not diagnosed with the disease or not officially reported to national authorities in 2021, up from 3.2 million in 2019.

For toolkits and guidelines surrounding the treatment and management of TB, visit the FIRS website:

For more on the impact of TB and other respiratory diseases, see the Global Impact of Respiratory Disease Report .

About the American College of Chest Physicians

The American College of Chest Physicians® (CHEST) is the global leader in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of chest diseases. Its mission is to champion advanced clinical practice, education, communication and research in chest medicine. It serves as an essential connection to clinical knowledge and resources for its 19,000+ members from around the world who provide patient care in pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine. For information about the American College of Chest Physicians, and its flagship journal CHEST®, visit

About the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS)
The Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) is an organisation comprised of the world's leading international respiratory societies working together to improve lung health globally: American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), American Thoracic Society (ATS), Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR), Asociación Latino Americana De Tórax (ALAT), European Respiratory Society (ERS), International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (The Union), Pan African Thoracic Society (PATS), Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA), and the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).

The goal of FIRS is to unify and enhance efforts to improve lung health through the combined work of its more than 70,000 members globally.

For more information about FIRS, please contact Fiona Salter