Home Guidelines & ResourcesTrainee Resource Hub Medical Students and Residents

Medical Students and Residents

Trainee Resources - Medical Students and ResidentsWhat is the difference between pulmonary, critical care, and combined training? Learn the differences between fellowship programs in Pulmonary Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, and Combined Pulmonary and Critical Care Training. View a library of resources to help you during your early career.

About Pulmonary Disease/Respirology
Pulmonology is a branch of internal medicine that treats diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes, which often involves treatment of the upper respiratory tract as well. It is related to intensive care medicine and may involve treating people who need life support and mechanical ventilation. A pulmonologist diagnoses and treats cancer, pneumonia, pleurisy, asthma, occupational and environmental lung diseases, bronchitis, sleep disorders, emphysema, and other complex disorders of the lung.

About Critical Care/Intensive Care
Critical care medicine encompasses a wide variety of patient care opportunities and offers a large spectrum of practice opportunities. Inpatient care involves critically ill patients with multiorgan system disease and requires the ability to synthesize large amounts of data while also coordinating care with other disciplines, as critically ill patients often require care from multiple specialists. While the majority of critical care practitioners work in general ICU settings providing care for a wide gamut of patients, some specialists choose to specialize even further and work primarily in neurologic units, cardiac units, etc. More commonly, specialists alternate time caring for patients in the ICU with caring for patients with pulmonary diseases and providing longitudinal care for a population of clinic patients with pulmonary disorders.

About Sleep Medicine
Sleep medicine is a multidisciplinary subspecialty of family medicine, internal medicine, psychiatry, pediatrics, neurology, and otolaryngology. Sleep disorders are assessed, monitored, treated, and prevented by using a combination of techniques (clinical evaluation, physiologic testing, imaging, and intervention) and medication. This subspecialty includes the clinical assessment, polysomnographic evaluation, and treatment of sleep disorders, including insomnias, disorders of excessive sleepiness, sleep-related breathing disorders, parasomnias, circadian rhythm disorders, sleep-related movement disorders, and other conditions pertaining to the sleep-wake cycle.

For more information about these subspecialties visit the American Medical Association website.

Advice from Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Program Directors

The following videos were compiled by Fellowship Program Directors and answer common questions asked by residents as they prepare for the fellowship application process.

What should I look for in a Pulmonary and Critical Care Fellowship Program?


How many fellowship applications should I submit?


What do program directors look for in a fellowship application?


Preparing for Fellowship
Published resource written by program directors with tips for residents interested in pulmonary and critical care medicine.

ABIM Program requirements (Pulmonary)
Program requirements for American Board of Internal Medicine board eligibility in Pulmonary Medicine.

ABIM Program requirements (Critical Care)
Program requirements for American Board of Internal Medicine board eligibility in Critical Care Medicine.

Basics of Pulmonary Medicine
Description of the discipline of Pulmonary Medicine by the American College of Physicians.

Basics of Critical Care Medicine
Description of the discipline of Critical Care Medicine by the American College of Physicians.

Application process website.

Match process website.

PFTeach: An Educational Tool for Pulmonary Trainees
PFTeach is designed to help users better understand the interpretation and use of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and associated non-invasive diagnostic tools.

Your Research

CHEST Annual Meeting Case Reports
Each year, medical students and residents have the opportunity to submit case reports for presentation during special sessions. Accepted case reports are published in an online CHEST supplement. The deadline for the 2017 CHEST Annual Meeting has passed.