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Nearly 77 percent of pulmonary clinical trials failed to report race and ethnicity data

MONTRÉAL — Researchers from Duke University and Durham Veteran Affairs Medical Center have found that nearly 77 percent of pulmonary clinical trials registered with ClinicalTrials.gov failed to report race and ethnicity data, and biologic-related studies had even lower odds of reporting race and ethnicity data when compared with drug trials. 

The researchers employed a validated algorithm and assessed clinical trials in pulmonary medicine between 2008-2012 and examined race and ethnicity reporting through September 2013. Researchers discovered that trials completed more recently were more likely to report the data compared with earlier trials, and trials studying asthma and COPD had significantly greater odds of reporting race and ethnicity when compared with other pulmonary trials.

“Our study highlights a need to increase and encourage race and ethnicity reporting among pulmonary trials. This reporting could help clarify treatment effects among ethnic and racial minorities,” said Dr. Isaretta L. Riley, Duke University and lead researcher, “we’re encouraged by the trend of more recent trials reporting this data but recognize there is still opportunity for improvement.”

CHEST 2015 is the 81st annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, held October 24-28, 2015, in Montréal, Canada. The American College of Chest Physicians, publisher of the journal CHEST, is the global leader in advancing best patient outcomes through innovative chest medicine education, clinical research, and team-based care. Its mission is to champion the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chest diseases through education, communication, and research. It serves as an essential connection to clinical knowledge and resources for its 18,700 members from around the world who provide patient care in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. For more information about CHEST 2015, visit http://chestmeeting.chestnet.org, or follow the CHEST meeting hashtag, #CHEST2015, on social media.